Back to School

It has been a progressive and efficient 2003, for now I plan to return to Rochester. Flight plan is Mumbai -> Paris -> Newark -> Rochester. I hope we disembark at Paris. Air India is usually disallowed from letting their passengers out into the terminal while the plane is being cleaned. That sucks!! Watching the cleaning crew walk through the plane and clean while you remain seated.

I like to think that what needs to be done, must really be done and gotten over with. That way leaving Pune all over would be a lot easier.

I will be trying to clear customs/immigration. With the new measures at the US airports, I know this is going to take a lot longer. Well, wish me luck! Maybe secretly I don’t care if I am deported 😉 ahhhhh did I just say that !!!

The weather in Rochester is downright BAD!! Have a look at the weather sticker on this page !! It’s -17 deg Celsius.

India 2004

My stay here in Pune is now coming to a close. It’s a Sunday, an idyllic one. A large number of Indian families are probably in front of their televisions watching India try to bowl Australia out. Today, when Sachin closed the Indian innings at 715, I am sure everyone felt a surge of the new nationalism that I felt. This was a strong resurgent India from the East, playing true to Goldman Sachs prediction that India will assert itself as a top 5 global power. My blog is only a spin-off of the electricity in the air. My perspective maybe that of a Software Engineer, but on the whole I cannot deny, I am proud to be an Indian (in India, if I may add).

I have been watching the newspapers very closely, some of the respected minds in India have been speaking with optimism. Here is a compilation of a few of the words and facts I have read.

Arun Shourie, Indian Express January 3rd.
600,000 employees in the IT sector generate $16 billion in value. IT Exports contribute $13 billion. That is approximately a 1/5th of the total exports. These figures are phenomenal as per Shouries perspectives.

A 1/3rd of the start-ups in the Silicon Valley were by Indians.

Over a 100 of the Fortune 500 companies have setup R&D centers in India. India is quickly beginning to become the hub for generating patents.

Some of the products that have been substantially created in India include,
01. iFlex banking product
02. Pramati studio/server
03. Philips DVD video Codec
04. Apple iPod video codec
05. Texas Instruments OMAP
06. Microsoft’s JSharp
07. The Adobe Reader for the Palm/iPaq
08. Intel’s “start up” utility
09. Cisco’s IOS core components
10. Hewlett Packards ux
11. OpenView kernel components of Oracle’s Pro-c

I would approach the list above with extreme skepticism. From past experience in the Industry, I know that there is not true ownership of intellectual production in India. The ends of the process are initiated and terminated where technology has its genesis, overseas.

Shourie also expounds on the fact that Indian Infrastructure is growing to match world standards. The year ahead has many promises in store,
1. 500,000 km of fibre optic networks across India
2. Param Padma, the fourth generation of Indian supercomputers
3. Bangalore and Pune are now part of a massive grid computing project

Shouries article also focuses on trying to identify a trend for the next few years. He fears competition not only from other South East asian countries, but also from some of the nascent European economies like Hungary and Bulgaria. His argument is, the mathematical foundation there is a lot stronger than it is in India. The biggest challenge they face is only the English language.

Shourie points out that the prevalent trend in 2003, coupled with the intense recessionary trend has only built up a tremendous backlash against India in the USA. Protectionist legislation, increasingly Vocal protests, reduction of the H1-B cap are all symptoms of the existing fear that what China and Japan did to manufacturing in the USA, India is causing in IT and other services.

A number of my friends from countries in Europe cannot understand this fear. Traditionally, they had to put up with the same outflow several years ago in the manufacturing sector. People lost their jobs then too. Instead of fear, they feel the US should have an understanding of the trend, they should have seen it coming and prepared to tackle it. The slump in IT in the US was just a trigger that sped up the process. Bringing the industry back on track is not going to reverse it.

What was the result of the outflow of jobs back then, organized labour unions, legislation and overall, a general feeling of distrust. That is true of the white collar workers only today with outsourcing in the backdrop cutting into available jobs.

There is no easy solution. However, I trust the wests ability to innovate and abstract, to spawn new industries and to retain the flow of energy in the economy.

Shourie concludes with an enumeration of the long-term benefits for India. Mastery in IT, is a tremendous foundation for mastery in BioTech, NanoTech, Telemedecine, Telesurgery, distance learning, embedded devices. His article fittingly summarizes his thoughts, “We have a headstart, let’s not put up our feet”.

R.A. Mashelkar, Indian Express January 3rd.
Dr. Mashelkar is an eminent Scientist who had chosen to remain in India while the top brains drained out. To summarise his article, while India lost 1% of its top talent, it also lost about 90% of its intellectual energy. This is a pattern that has emerged again and again. His article is backed up by a piece written by Gangan Prathap in Current Science. To quote “He argues the ecology of the intellectual process throws up outstanding scientists and inventors in a pyramidal and power-law fashions. In effect, the number of people producing n papers is inversely proportional to n^2”. He goes on to provide an example “For every 100 people who produce 1 paper, 25 will produce 2, only one will produce 10.” He points out that this is true for patents also.

His objective is to point out that India has a lot to offer now, we should begin pulling in those brains back. Eventually, the tendency for innovation too will migrate here. One may ask to retort this theory is, What of the average Indian BTech/MTech in America with a green card, family and a secure top-notch job? You might not feel that he might move back. In my opinion, its only a fanciful wish that the brains will drain back. Those who really matter in terms of intellectual energy, entrepreneurial spirit are now playing in the Global field. Benefits of this force will still only trickle into India.

This brings me to a recent significant development. Four National Institutes of Science are in the process of being setup, one of which is in Pune. Several new IIT’s have also been proposed. Thats great that we are going to develop more minds, many focused on pure and applied sciences and not simply the technology sector. Whats to prevent them from going out of the country?

Recently, a young IIT civil engineer, Satyendra Dubey was murdered trying to expose corrupt elements. Some observers wrote in, it is this tendency of the womb to kill its own son that has setup its own destruction. India isn’t going to change overnight, foreign reserves, dominance in IT and success in Cricket may provide a vision, but how and when are we going to get there? Will the top brains want to stay on in India?

So many thousands complete their Master’s abroad even today, after graduating from India. All of them dream to improve their profiles. Some of them do return, a substantial number of them having lost all their options and that dream. What of those who stay behind? Everyone fails to list Indias tendency to self-destruct.

Let me not end on a pessimistic note, Intellectual property is beginning to originate in India, even if it is a trickle now. The Intel team in Bangalore is developing microprocessor chips for high-speed broad band wireless. GE’s John Welch Technology Centre, Bangalore are working on new ideas for aircraft engines, transport systems and plastics. Cisco, Intel, IBM, GE and Texas Instruments India have filed 1000 patent applications (Times of India, January 4th).

Tomorrow, this trickle will hopefully grow to a flood.

Getting in touch…

Dhating (dh-ae-t-ing)
music – loud, full bass, high BPM,
clothes – flashy, mind-boggling
people – you get the idea

Jo Ghat pe rehta hai, woh hai Ghati

Show off

Dhakan, Dhakan
Kylie minogue fan

Fool, Pun intended

Clandestine, Secret

For example, “Woh ladki ko Sumdi mein mil, uske baap ko pata nahi chalega”

3rd Test – Melbourne

The mornings session India got several breathers. Sehwag and Chopra were lucky to remain there. Australia dropped several opportunities to go on top. As the day wore on, so did the ball. Sehwag and Chopra displayed their class and blunted the ordinary attack. Eventually, frustration and dissapointment had set in on the aussies. Chopra’s wicket was little solace. Sehwag and Dravid put on another solid partnership before Tea.

Australia have their backs to the wall, the Indian batting has been authoritative and they have not let go since lunch. A series victory is in sight!

Bangalore scores over Pune

Without doubt, Bangalore scores over Pune as far as outsourcing work is concerned. Last night, I had the opportunity to speak to my friend who had a bird’s eye view of what was going on down South.

Bangalore has been making rapid strides in terms of infrastructure and modernization. To demonstrate the fact, I would like to point out that my friend was just about as stunned as I was with the crowds and pollution in Pune. The last one year has just been a total disaster in terms of vehicle population and pollutants in the atmosphere!

My friend who is part of a large MNC, mentioned that he is responsible for one of the many Business Processes that have come to stay in India. To clarify further, this is not development work. It may have been initiated by the Software Industry, it is no longer limited to IT:

1. Accounting
2. Support Services
3. IT – Dev, QA, PM
4. Auto-Parts and other Components mfr!
5. Education

Bangalore has superior city planning, cheaper and friendlier lifestyle, tremendous SOPs as far as the inflow of Dollars are concerned. Pune is still suffering a legacy of the old Poona, a small hill station filled with retirees who are trying to prevent change from upsetting their lives. It’s a hangover from the past. I don’t want to sound sarcastic or very one-sided, Pune does have it’s strengths, especially the raw pool of talent, to which I belong.


This weekend I escaped to Mahabaleshwar. Great place to be, low tempratures. Unfortunately, there too, I had to put up with the crowds. I had the opportunity to drive around in my own car and on Sunday, I drove another 140kms to Ratnagiri (Konkan area) from Mahabaleshwar.


Some comments from an earlier blog:

“After decades of stoically accepting poverty and mediocrity as our national fate, don’t we just DESERVE every single data point on the economic upturn?!! Now if only bureaucrats and politicians could be beamed away to a distant galaxy…”

Posted by a frequent stopperby at December 8, 2003 07:22 PM

Well, if we were to believe this article the map has changed or will change drastically.